Saturday, December 31, 2011

20. (T) Basic Banking Guide A to Z

T

TA
The term is generally used for travelling allowance which is paid by the organization for official trips.

Tangible assets
This refers to the assets such as cash, , machinery, equipment,  plant, property anything that has physical existence or is acquired for use in the operations of the business and not for sale to customers.  Tangible assets, unlike intangible assets, can be destroyed by fire , disasters or accidents. However, they can be used as collateral to raising  loans, and can be readily sold to raise cash in case of emergencies.

Target
It refer to the objective or goal of an individual, persons or organization

Tariff
It is a published list of fares, freight charges, prices, rates, duties etc. e.g. import tariff, custom tariff etc.

Tax
It is the compulsory monetary contribution to the state's revenue, assessed and imposed by a government on the activities, enjoyment, expenditure, income, occupation, privilege, property, etc., of individuals and organizations.

Taxable income
It refers to the  income from which standard deductions and permissible allowances have been subtracted. this is the income on which taxis paid by the tax payer.

Tex return
This is the standard form provided by the tax authorities on which a taxpayer reports taxable income with permitted deductions and exemptions, and computes his or her tax liability & file on or before due date.

Tax year
It refers to the standard 12 month period (such as a calendar year or a fiscal year) used for computing a tax payer's liability. In Pakistan Tax year starts from 1st July and ends on next  30th June.

Telegraphic transfer
It is a method of transferring funds through a telegraph or telex link. Also called wire transfer, it has now become obsolete, and has been replaced by secure cable and wireless telecommunications networks.

Telex
This is a form of wire transfer of message through telex machine . In banks these messages used to be authenticated by the use of code (test key) numbers.

Teller
This is an employee of a bank, or an institution, whose job includes the responsibilities of helping the bank customers with their banking needs, such as depositing a cheque or making a withdrawal.

Temporary overdraft
This is a clean overdraft allowed by the branch management on single transaction bases against customers request, which should be adjusted within three days.

Tender
This refers to sealed bid or offer submitted in response to a request for tenders and containing detailed information on requirements and terms associated with a potential contract.

Tenor
Description of the payment terms of a bill of exchange, such as 'Due when presented’ (payment at sight) or Due on date ...  (Usance).

Term deposit
Refer Time deposit

Term loan
This is a short-term (generally for one to five years) loan payable in a fixed number of equal installments over the term of the loan.

Terms
The period of time and the interest rate arranged between creditor and debtor to repay a loan.

Theft
This is the criminal act of dishonest assumption of the rights of the true owner of a tangible or intangible property by treating it as one's own, whether or not taking it away with the intent of depriving the true owner of it.

Third party
This is the party other than the principals directly involved in a transaction or agreement . It is someone who may be indirectly involved but is not a principal party to an arrangement, contract, deal, lawsuit, or transaction.

Through bill of lading
This is the B/L issued for containerized door-to-door shipments that have to use different ships and/or different means of transportation from origin to destination.

Time deposit
A time deposit (also known as a term deposit) is a money deposit at a bank that cannot be withdrawn for a certain "term" or period of time. When the term is over it can be withdrawn, or it can be held for another term. The longer the term, the better shall be rate of return on the money. Generally, there are significant penalties for early withdrawal.

Title
The legal rights of ownership, possession, and custody, evidenced by a legal document such as a  sale deed, or title deed. A legal title empowers its holder to control and dispose of the property and serves as a link between the title holder and the property itself.

Title deed
This is the legal document (instrument) executed and acknowledged under the seal and in the presence of a registrar of property, evidencing the right of ownership to a property described therein.

Token
This is a piece of metal or other composition used as a substitute for currency in canteens, or in banks as an acknowledgement of receipt of cheque for cash payment.

Token money
This refers to the coins of regular issue whose face value is greater than their production cost.

Token payment
This refers to the small payment binding an agreement or acknowledging a debt.

Trade
the act or process of buying, selling, or exchanging commodities, at either wholesale or retail, within a country or between countries

Trade cycle
This is recurring fluctuations in economic activity consisting of recession and recovery and growth and decline.

Trade discount
This is a discount, from the list price of goods, granted by a manufacturer or wholesaler to a retailer.

Trade gap
This is the difference in value over a period of time of a country's imports and exports of merchandise; "a nation's balance of trade is favorable when its exports exceed its imports"

Trade mark
This refers to any name, symbol, figure, word, or mark adopted and used by a manufacturer or trader in order to designate his or her goods and to distinguish them from others. It is a proprietary term that is usually registered with the Patent and Trademark Office to assure its exclusive use by its owner.

Trade union
A labor union of craftspeople or workers in related crafts, as distinguished from general workers or a union including all workers in an industry.

Trading account
Trading accounts are traditionally thought to hold only stocks, but a trading account can hold cash, foreign cash, securities and a number of other types of investments .This is an account similar to a traditional bank account, holding cash and securities, and is administered by an investment dealer, on behalf of the investor.

Transaction
It refers to an act, process, or instance of transacting, an action or activity involving two parties or things that reciprocally affect or influence each other. Transaction can be financial or non financial. Financial transactions are those where fund movement is involved, non financial transactions are those where funds transfer is not directly involved, such as issuance of cheque book, ATM card etc

Transferable credit
This is L/C with two (only two) successive beneficiaries. In this arrangement, the first can assign part or whole of the L/C amount to a second beneficiary To be transferable, the L/C must be so marked by the issuing bank on the instructions of the buyer or importer. On the instructions of the first beneficiary the advising bank can transfer it to the second beneficiary but not any further.

Transfer deed
This is the document (instrument) by which ownership of a registered property (such as land building or  shares/securities) is conveyed from its seller to its buyer.

Transit trade
The act or process of causing to pass or transit of the goods through a country. e.g. Afghan Transit Trade (ATT). Pakistan signed an agreement 37 years ago with Afghanistan to facilitate foreign trade of its land-locked neighbor. The agreement has been extremely abused by the dishonest elements.

Travel agent
This is a person who owns, operates, or works for a travel agency.

Travel cheque
This is a preprinted, fixed-amount cheque designed to allow the person signing it, to either receive value him / her selves or make payment to someone else as a result of having paid the issuer the value. It can be replaced if lost or stolen, provided the owner still has the receipt issued with the purchase of the cheque. American Express was the first company to develop a large-scale traveler' cheque system in 1891 and is still the largest issuer of traveler's cheques today by volume.


Treasurer
This is the person responsible for running the treasury of an organization. He/she is responsible for liquidity management, cash management, matters related with foreign exchange (inflow/outflow_ and interest rate risk hedging, management such as Purchase, repurchase (Repo) of securities.

Treasury bill
This is a short-term redeemable financial security issued by the State Bank of Pakistan. Treasury bills (TB) are issued for three months, Six months & 12 months maturity  period, and are sold at a discount to par, and do not carry interest. They are generally bought by banks, DFIs and large companies in competitive tenders. These TB can be resold in the discount market, generally to commercial banks or DFIs. These bills can also be discounted with SBPs for overnight for meeting immediate liquidity requirement.

Trial balance
This is a statement of all the open debit and credit items, made preliminary to balancing a double-entry ledger. If the entries in the general ledger were correctly posted, the total of all the debit balance should be equal to all the credit balance; otherwise some error has occurred some where in the entry posting process.

Triplicate
This refers to the requirement of three identical copies.

Trust
It refers to the, reliance on the integrity, strength, ability, surety, etc., of a person/ company.

Trust account
A general term that covers all types of accounts in a trust department, such as estates, guardianships, and agencies.

Trust administrator
A person or institution that manages trust accounts.

Trust deed
It is a formal document which outlines the terms of a trust agreement

Trustee
This is an individual who holds or manages assets / affairs of the trust as per by laws of the trust deed.

Trust estate
All real or personal assets owned by the trust or transferred to the trustee(s) under a trust agreement as object of the trust are called estates of the trust.

Trust receipt
This is a method of financing where a bank allows an importer to take delivery of imported goods under trust with the arrangement  that importer shall sell goods and will pay off the outstanding financing against trust within specified period.

Truth in Lending
The Truth in Lending Act is a American Federal law that requires lenders to provide standardized information so that borrowers can compare loan terms. In general, lenders must provide information on, what credit will cost the borrowers, when charges will be imposed, and what are the borrower's rights as a customer. SBP has also issued similar type of instructions to the banks & DFIs to declare in clear wording all Terms & conditions rules and regulations declared and hidden costs to the borrower.

Turn key contract
This is a type of project that is constructed by a developer and sold to a buyer in a ready-to-use condition.This also refers to the contract in which the project is ready to produce cash flow upon completion.

Turnover
In banking it refers to the amount of business transacted during a given period of time.

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